Most of the people who are just jumping to real estate investment start with the basics such as buying single family flats and renting them out or investing in commercial real estate such as shopping malls or apartments.
These are very simple examples of real estate investment in which the investor buys an apartment or a space in a shopping, mall and then either sells or it rents it to a tenant. An investor is eligible of doing both.
It is completely up to you that how will you be able to manage your assets but if you do them in an efficient way, you will be able to earn some extra income. But these aren’t the only ways of generating side income.
There are some other, clean ways as well and that includes mortgage investments. These sort of investments are quite advantageous and offer opportunities that you might not have gotten before. Not to mention, mortgage investments have better turnarounds then real estate investments.
But if you are having any confusion regarding the term mortgage investment, don’t you worry! We are diving deep into that conversation and give you all the information you need,
What is a mortgage note?
When a buyer wants to invest in a house but doesn’t have the complete amount to purchase it, they go for a loan. They can pay complete amount as a down payment and the rest money is borrowed from a bank or any other mortgage provider.
In exchange for the money, the lender will have the sign a mortgage and a promissory note. A promissory note is signed by the borrower in which he promises to repay the debt on convenient conditions. It holds account of the following information,
1. How much money was borrowed?
2. Who lent the money
3. Who borrowed the money
4. Loan’s interest rate
5. Timeline of repayment
6. What will happen in case of default?
The benefit of signing a promissory note is that it isn’t noted down in public records but in case the borrower fails to fulfill his end of the bargain, the lender will be eligible for taking legal action against him.
A mortgage note is different from a promissory document. In a mortgage, there are certain terms that are talked about and consequences are written down if the borrower fails to repay the lender. Those terms can include the following,
– Roles and Responsibilities of the borrower
– Responsibilities and roles of the lender
– All the actions that can qualify as a breach of contract
– Property tied to the mortgage
Both of these documents have different purposes but they both go side by side. You cannot sign a promissory note without a mortgage document and otherwise.
Different types of mortgage notes
There are different types of mortgage notes that can be categorized based on asset class, performance and lien position.
You can break them down in several categories as enlisted below,
An institutional loan is a mortgage created by a bank or a recognized organization. It follows the rules and criteria set by Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection and Dodd-Frank Act. In case, the borrower defaults on his promise to repay the loan back to the institution, the bank or the firm will have the right to confiscate his property and seize his assets.
A private loan is given by an individual and not an institution. This could be anyone the borrower knows such as a family friend, colleague, family member, acquaintance. In this type of mortgage, if the seller is the sole owner of the property, he can create a mortgage all by himself.
Secured and unsecured loan
In a secured loan, an asset is tied to the loan which in case of a mortgage is usually a property. If the borrower fails to repay in time, the property that he mortgaged in turn of the loan will be seized until he pays the loan back. In an unsecured loan, there is no asset tied to the mortgage.
How to invest in mortgage notes?
Now that you know about what is mortgage note, let’s move on and see how you can invest in one?
· Direct lending
As we have mentioned earlier, there are private firms always in search of borrowers who are willing to invest in mortgage notes. In this case scenario, companies look for investors themselves and handle the process of packaging the mortgage.
It is then up to the investor whether you want to invest in the loan based on the strength of the borrower and the asset tied to the mortgage. Most of these loans are either short term bridge mortgages or long-term loans that take a lot of time to recover.
Direct lending is always cheaper if you’re getting them from a private company instead of a bank. The interest rate here varies according to the economic situation of the country but the overall process of lending the money is always cheap.
You can always find these private companies by getting in touch with a financial advisor. There are plenty of companies who are always in search of investors and they can show you the ropes of how these deals work.
· Buy existing notes
A lot of times, there are investors already in the finance markets who have bought mortgage notes and are now willing to sell them. They aren’t linked to any company or bank and work as individual entities.
Buying an existing note always comes cheap. You also get the benefit of buying seasoned notes. This means you will be able to know if the lender is making profits off his mortgage notes or not. The only challenge that we face in investing on existing mortgage notes is the trouble of finding them.
You will have to perform an extensive research online and look for lenders who are willing to give you mortgage notes on a decent discount.
· REIT mortgages
If you aren’t ready to deal with an individual investor or even a bank for that matter, you can always get in touch with REIT mortgages. These companies give you the opportunity of investing in mortgage real estate. The main source of income of these sort of companies is that they borrow money and then use it to invest on mortgages.
These are short term investments with long-term profits in perspective. However, there is a lot of risk involved here because the money you will be making will depend on the fluctuations happening in the stock markets.
So, this is everything that we could gather on Invest In Mortgage notes. We hope the article has been thoroughly helpful to you and you were able to decide whether investing in mortgage notes is a good idea or not. If you have any other queries in this regard or suggestions you might like to add, do let us know through your feedback below.